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Argentine Republic
Flag of Argentina.svg

Established

1821

Dissolved

2013

Preceded by

Aloian Argentine

Succeeded by

Free States of Argentine

Capital

San Francisco, later Sacramento

Languages

English, historically Spanish

Population

31 million

Today part of

Free States of Argentine, Aloia

The Argentine Republic, commonly referred to as (the) Argentine or Argentina, is a former nation located in the western continent of Diamanto. The nation, a former colony of Aloia, was a major power in Diamanto. The nation took its name from the Argentine River, a river named for the abundant silver deposits.

The nation's history was closely tied to the 21 missions established by Spanish-speaking priests of the Church of Aloia in the 18th and 19th centuries. The priests were members of the Brotherhood of St. Francis, the Spanish-speaking division of the Saxon Order. The missions were mostly concentrated along the southern coast and in the valleys of the Argentine, Sacramento, and Soledad rivers.

In the early 21st century, the nation faced massive national disasters, including a level 6.3 earthquake in 2003, the crash of their stock market in 2008, and a corruption scandal in 2010 which resulted in the prime minister, almost half of the members of Parliament, and a number of other high ranking officials being removed from office. The largest and most populous province, Patagonia, voted to leave the Argentine Republic in 2011 and joined the Kingdom of Aloia in 2012. The Republic formally dissolved the following year, with the remaining provinces forming an association called the Free States of Argentine. Two provinces, Tahoe and Pampas, voted to join the Kingdom of Aloia in 2016. In 2017, the four remaining Free States, Honduras, Campostella, Sonora, and Aransas, all voted to follow the other three states and join the Kingdom of Aloia. Following that final unification, the Free States of Argentine became officially defunct and all its members became states of Aloia. 

Name and etymology

The names "Argentine" and "Argentina" are derived from Eurasian argentum ("silver", plata in Spanish), a noun associated with the region's vast silver deposits. The Argentine Republic and her successors take their name from Argentine Bay and the Argentine River, a river in modern Patagonia, and which forms the border between Pampas and Tahoe, and Pampas and the Free States.

The region was first referred to as La Argentina in 1784, by Fr. Luis Delgado, who was the priest at the Buenos Aires mission. As the Church of Aloia started to send English-speaking priests instead of the Spanish-speakers, English became the dominant language. The now English-speaking residents of the region began to refer to it as the Argentine, mimicking the typical Spanish usage of La Argentina. When the region gained independence from Aloia, they dropped the definite article and used Argentine and Argentina interchangeably, a situation which still exists. However, Argentine is the preferred noun.

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