|Kingdom of Arveyres|
Flag of Arveyres
Arveyran, among others
Unification with Navarra
160,000,000 (2017 estimate)
ERT -4, -2, -1, 0, +2
Arveyres (/'aʁver/ or /'ɑrvɛər/; Arveyran: Arvera; Spanish: Arvería, Eurasian: Arveria), officially the Kingdom of Arveyres (Arveyran: Arreinata da Arvera; Spanish: Reino de Arvería, Eurasian: Regnum Arveriae), is a parliamentary monarchy which is a part of and the largest constituent province of the Superior Province of Arveyres of Eurasia, while maintaining a high degree of high autonomy. The mainland of Arveyres borders Aloia, Kaevi, Marquette, New Zealand, New Tarajan, and Eurasia. Arveyres has a large contiguous area, while maintaining several other overseas territories.
Arveyres is a relatively liberal nation, arguably one of the most liberal in given topics, while retaining few conservative values, largely coinciding with the traditional ethnic Arveyran religion. Arveyres receives military support from a joint military force with Eurasia, but still manages an independent military. Arveyres is a nation that has historically influenced international trade having had cities and trade posts being established all over the world, promoting the spread of language and culture.
The English name Arveyres is first attested in a 1794 translation of the diary of Jean-Baptiste de Constance, a French-Aloian priest who spent many decades assisting the proliferation of Protestantism in Arveyres, his choice of name was a translation of the Arveyran Arvera. Modern Arveyres had many other English names before the now-common Arveyres, including Arvarre, Arvire, Avila, and Alvere. The native Arveyran form of this name, Arvera, came into common usage with the Conquest of Navarra by the Kingdom of Almeria which established the Kingdom of Arveyres (Aranata Arvera). The name is an Arveyran corruption of the Cordoban word al-faris, meaning "the knight", respecting the large knight and warrior culture in early Arveyres.
In Aju, the official language of Gyeonggi, Gyeongsang, and of North and South Jeolla, Arveyres is known as 전사국 or Jeonsa-guk, which in English means "warrior country", which is a translation of the meaning of the Arveyran name of Arveyres. Aju transliterations of the native Arveyran name also exist, with the official and most common transliteration being 알베라 or al-be-ra, and the second most-common being a transliteration of the English name, Arveyres, being 아르베이레스 or a-reu-be-i-re-seu. In Geronese, a language related to Aju and the official language of Gerona, there is no native name for the nation of Arveyres, a translation of the Aju term exists, which is せんしごく or sen-shi-go-ku, and a transliteration of the native Arveyran name exists, which is あろベいらす or アロベイラス or a-ro-be-i-ra-su. In Cadian, a language related to Germanic languages spoken in central Aloia, the official language of Karlsmark, Arveyres is known as Krigsland, which also means "warrior country". There also exists in Cadian alternative forms of the native Arveyran name, including Arfer and Arland.
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Arveyres is divided primarily into eight regions which are partially drawn among political lines but at also to group together provinces under common geographic features. In the motherland of Arveyres, there are five regions: Central, North, Far North, East, and West.
The Leonese Mountains separate the West from the rest of the motherland, and the Casablanca Mountains split the East into two pieces. Within these two mountain ranges lies the Central region, which is very low-lying and home to many swamp regions. The North is dominated by the Cantabrian Mountains and the Far North is largely coastal, along the Sea of Latia.
The North and Far North are separated from the Central and East by the Aranine Sea and Enchanted Sea. The West is separated from the Midwest by the Baltic Sea. The Far West is largely located on the ocean in which the Kaevise archipelago lies. The Far West is largely located between the continents of Ekstera, Norda, and Oriento.
Due to differences in latitude and a range of geographic features, including mountains, deserts, and tropical forests, the climate of Arveyres varies largely. With territories all over the world, the national climate can be described with many different categorizations.
The Central Region is categorized by hot humid summers and cool dry winters with a rainy fall and spring season. The Northern Region is categorized by warm rainy summers and mild dry winters. Due to its location on the Aranine Sea, the North experiences warmer winters than other provinces. The Far Northern Region is categorized by warm and mild dry summers, assisted by the humidity of the Sea of Latia, and mild rainy winters. The Eastern Region is categorized by hot arid summers and cold dry winters, especially in the rain shadow of the Casablanca Mountains.
The Far Eastern Region climate varies largely due to it being non-contiguous like other regions: West Havana and East Havana experience very wet hot summers and warm dry winters due to their location on the warm waters south of Oriento. Karlsmark experiences relatively mild temperatures year-round and average rainfall much like the Central Region. The Western Region experiences mild temperatures year round, and has a temperate climate. The Midwestern Region experiences cool arid summers and cool winters, due to its altitude being very high, it experiences very low rainfall. The Far Western Region, fractured like the Far East, experiences different climates depending on location, but unlike the Far East, the provinces share much more common traits, warm humid summers and cool dry winters.
The Kingdom of Arveyres is a parliamentary monarchy in which the monarch possesses limited power within the government, although theoretically the monarch is able to dissolve the government, as the government is created by the office of the monarch.
In the Arveyran federal system, citizens are subject to three levels of government: national, provincial, and municipal. Municipal affairs are handled by the government of a citizen's city, provincial affairs are handled by the citizen's province or provincial city, and national affairs are handled by the national government.
The Arveyran federal government is composed of four branches:
- Legislative: The National Senate of Arveyres, creates federal law, approves treaties, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
- Judicial: The National Court of Arveyres, elected judges who handle lower court cases that escalate through the municipal and provincial courts, interpret laws passed by the Senate, and overturn laws that are found to go against the National Code of Arveyres.
- Executive: The Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister elected by the citizens who then appoints 12 other ministers (who are then approved by the Senate) to oversee one branch each of the Council, tasked with enforcing the laws passed by the Senate.
- Monarchical: The Monarch of Arveyres, tasked with approving laws passed by the Senate, effectively holding the right to withhold passing of a certain law by refusal to approve them. Oversees foreign missions, visits, and meetings.
Parties and elections
Since the democratization of the National Senate in 1785 the Kingdom of Arveyres has operated under a multi-party system. There are eight political parties that have successfully been elected to the highest elected political office in Arveyres, the office of the Prime Minister.
Of these eight parties, only seven are in modern operation, and one has been outlawed, they are:
- Arveyran Royalist Party or Participa Reginista Arvera, or simply "Royalists": center-right, capitalist, loyal to the monarch in values (usually), anti-secessionist, emerged in Sevilla, one of the 3 original parties of 1785.
- Legalist Group or Banda Legalista (BL), or simply "Legalists": center-left, support secular government, strict adherence to the National Code, emerged in Alhambra, mixed market, one of the original 3 parties of 1785.
- Arveyran Federalists or Federalistas Arveras (FA), or simply "Federalists": left, anti-monarchists, socialists, emerged in Valencia, one of the original parties of 1785.
- Conservative Party or Participa Conservatiua (PC), or simply "Conservatives": far right, Aetherist moralists, capitalist, anti-secessionist, emerged in Navarra.
- Arveyran Christian Union or Unita Cristiana Arvera (UCA), or simply "Christians": center-right, loyal to the monarch (usually), generally socialist, emerged in Alhambra.
- Secularist Group or Banda Secularista (BS), or simply "Secularists": far left, anti-religious, monarchical abolitionists, radical secessionists, nationalistic, emerged in Granada.
- Loyalist Party or Participa Fidelista (PF), or simply "Loyalists": thought to be center-right, supported Emperor Laurentius during the Great War, authoritarian, anti-secessionist, party later outlawed in 1940.
- Arveyran Green Party or Participa Selena Arvera (PSA), or simply "Greens": far left, socialist, environmentalists, emerged in Asturias.
Suffrage is not immediately granted to every citizen at a certain age unlike most countries, however one must complete 1 year of mandatory military service to be granted the right to vote. This policy has been in use since the introduction of the democratic system in 1785.
General elections (to elect the office of Prime Minster and to allot seats within the National Senate) occur every four years; currently there are 493 National Senators that serve 4 year terms. The last general election was in 2016.
The National Senate is currently led by the Arveyran Royalist Party (PRA) who recieved a plurality of seats during the 2016. Although the PRA won the 2016 election in terms of votes, the Arveyran Christian Union (ACU) secured a clear plurality of provinces, leading to an ACU Prime Minister, Victoria Choi, leading a PRA Senate.
Arveyres has spent most of the 20th century culturing a larger sphere of foreign relations. It is a member of the United Nations of Esamir General Assembly, an observer of the Germanic Union of Esamir, and a former member of the International Confederation of Free States. Almost all countries have embassies in Calabasas and many have consulates around the country. However, Arveyres does not have formal diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Ireland.
Arveyres hosts very close relations with its immediate neighbors Aloia and Marquette, and strong historical ties to nations like New Tarajan and New Zealand. As a constituent province of the Empire of Eurasia, Arveyres and Eurasia have held historically inseparable ties.
Although a province of Eurasia, due to the Treaty of Almeria and the Writs of the Stertiamillenniary, Arveyres has been permitted to handle its foreign relations, including separate customs and visa rules .
The Arveyran Armed Forces (Force Armate Arvere, FAA) is administered by the Ministry of Defense (MdD) and the four branches of the armed forces are the Arveyran Army (Esercita Militaria Arvera, EsMA), Arveyran Navy (Armata Militaria Arvera, AmMA), Arveyran Air Force (Aeronautica Militaria Arvera, AnMA), and the Arveyran Royal Police (Gendarmata Reginista Arvera, GeRA).
The National Senate, according to the National Code, has the authority to declare a state of war and invest the necessary powers to the military to engage in war activities, with the ultimate approval of the Monarch.
One year of mandatory military service is required of both Arveyran men and women, who are citizens. This is a prerequisite to attaining the right to vote within the Kingdom of Arveyres' elections.
There are currently 35 provinces within the Kingdom of Arveyres. In alphabetical order they are:
- East Havana
- High Navarra
- Low Navarra
- Lower Cordoba
- North Jeolla
- San Aloisio
- San Camilo
- South Jeolla
- Upper Cordoba
- West Havana
Also over the years, several provinces have been absorbed, redrawn and removed, or lost by the Kingdom, they are:
- East Ascania (granted independence in 287)
- Havana (split into East Havana and West Havana)
- Magnolia (granted independence, later annexed by New Zealand)
- Torres (became parts of Almain, Malaga, Andalusia, and Asturias)
- Upper Valencia (lost in 1323 to Marquette, later regained and admitted as Lower Ascania)
The Kingdom of Arveyres has a capitalist mixed economy which is fueled by abundant arable land and natural resources with high productivity. Arveyres' nominal GDP is estimated to be $6.5 trillion as of 2017. The GDP per capita is estimated to be $41,000 making its citizens generally less wealthy in comparison to other nations throughout the world.
The Arveyran economy relies heavily on agriculture even into modern times. Historically an agrarian nation, not experiencing an "industrial revolution" or "technologically boom" until the late 1950s, the common themes of an agrarian society still exist throughout the nation.
Staple crops still grown throughout Arveyres are tea, coffee, wheat, and soybeans. Due to large areas of arable land and many different climatic environments, this permits Arveyres to grow many different crops year-round, thus the nation enjoys the benefits of a society centered on agriculture.
The Arveyran economy also relies extremely on the valuable tourism economy. As one of the most visited nations in the world due to relatively average to low costs of living, this prompts many areas within the nation to become tourist hotspots, often times rapidly.
Arveyres prides itself on its many beaches, due to it being a very coastal nation, with many island and tropical provinces. Historical monuments like the Liberator in Malaga and the Castelvajac Tower in Calabasas, also warrant a high amount of visitors annually to Arveyres.
Arveyres is one of the most intra-provincially connected nations in the world; after the pioneering feat of the Transnational Railroad in 1888, which connected Almeria to Alhambra, many more railroads sprung up across the nation, soon connecting all of southern Arveyres.
In 1802, ideas began to arise of connecting the northern portion of Arveyres Proper, the area on the Calabasas side of the Strait of Cantabria with the southern portion, the area on the Andalusia side of the strait. This miracle of Arveyran transportation engineering was realized in 1988 when the Senate approved a $6 billion deal with transportation companies to create a cross-strait tunnel, the Great Cantabrian Tunnel, which provided a road route to connect both Upper and Lower Arveyres was finished in 1994. Since then three more cross-strait tunnels have been created linking High Navarra and Asturias, linking parts of Andalusia, and most recently in 2004, linking Upper Cordoba to Extremadura.
Arveyres maintains a strict renewable and nuclear power policy, with 85% of the energy produced and used in Arveyres coming from nuclear power plants located either in southern Cantabria or south-central Andalusia. Since the early 1980s, nuclear power began to push out coal power as the primary source of energy in the nation.
Many movements, many aligned with the Arveyran Green Party have pushed to see a reduction of nuclear power in favor of other types of environmentally-friendly power such as wind, solar, and hydroelectric power, like the many power systems throughout the rivers of Alhambra, which is seeking to eliminate coal and nuclear dependence by 2050.
The Government of Arveyres estimates the national population to be around 160,000,000 as of 2017. The foreign-born population of Arveyres is also relatively high due to a porous-border policy with nations like Eurasia and Aloia. Most immigrants to Arveyres are of either Aloian or Tarajani nationality, with small numbers of other nationalities like Marquetien and Duresian.
Due to less social restrictions on sexuality and historical acceptance of often termed "deviant" sexualities, the amount of non-heterosexually-identifying people is disproportionately high in comparison to other nations. Around 17% of the Arveyran adult population self-identify as bisexual, and 3% identifying as exclusively heterosexual.
The ten largest provinces in the Kingdom of Arveyres in terms of population in descending order are:
- Andalusia (24,560,000)
- Granada (23,000,000)
- Sevilla (22,340,000)
- Alhambra (14,500,000)
- Almain (9,500,000)
- Upper Cordoba (7,800,000)
- Cantabria (5,400,000)
- Asturias (5,000,000)
- Anatolia (4,500,000)
- Gerona (4,000,000)
The largest regions by compounding populations in descending order are:
- Central Region (54,060,000)
- Northern Region (31,940,000)
- Western Region (27,290,000)
- Eastern Region (13,230,000)
- Far Western Region (13,130,000)
- Midwestern Region (9,700,000)
- Far Eastern Region (6,950,000)
- Far Northern Region (3,700,000)
Over 50 languages are spoken by both native and immigrant residents of Arveyres. The most commonly spoken languages in Arveyres are Arveyran, Eurasian, English, and French. Around 22% of Arveyran citizens speak Arveyran as a native language, although 98% consider themselves fluent in Arveyran.
Learning Arveyran in school is mandatory, although it has a very small native speaking population. In the 1940s, shortly after the Great War, a dialect of Arvero-Eurasian spoken in Calabasas was chosen as the national language, and it was simply called "Arveyran". Since then, most of the population has learned it as a second language and many people are starting to raise their children speaking Arveyran.
As the implementation of the national language was very recent, and as it replaced Eurasian, many Arveyrans are still able to speak Eurasian, specifically Julian (the dialect of Julium) as it was the language of government, press, and broadcast until the 1940s. In the Western Region, most Arveyrans speak English, Svean, Cadian, or French as a native language, and in the Far East, most Arveyrans speak Geronese or Aju as a native language.
In some provinces, like Karlsmark and the Havanas, Arveyran experiences very little usage in day-to-day life, as Cadian and Spanish have replaced Arveyran as the common languages, respectively.
The Government of Arveyres recognizes five religious categories for its citizens to legally distinguish themselves: Pantheonism, Christianity, Deosianism, Judaism, and Islam. Many ethnic religions, often not considered religions, like Samcheonsa in Jeolla, are not recognized due to either low membership or unclear definitions of the belief as a religion.
Around 98% of Arveyrans identify as religious, making it one of the most religious nations in the world, especially industrialized nations. Of this approximately 156 million people, 45% identify as Pantheonists, belonging to either the Maiorist faith or the Aetherist faith, and 43% identify as Christians, 5% identify as Deosians, either Traditional or Orthodox, 4% identify as Jewish, 1% identify as Muslim, and 2% are religious but do not identify with any of the religions listed before.
97% of Pantheonists identify as Aetherist and the remaining 3% identify as Maiorists, non-denominational Pantheonists are considered Aetherists in Arveyres. 56% of Christians identify as Lutherans, primarily ECLA members or members of the Church of Lyria, 42% identify as Catholic, most being members of the Church of Cadiz, the native Arveyran Catholic Church or the Ascanian Catholic Church, the remaining 2% do not fall into either category.
65% of Deosians identify as Traditionalists and 35% identify themselves as (Marquetien) Orthodox Deosians. 97% of Muslims in Arveyres identify as Shia, as most Sunni Muslims were expelled in the early 700s, 3% of Muslims today identify as Sunni within Arveyres, totaling just under 50,000.