Maison carree

The Temple of Saturn in Julium, ready to be painted in vibrant colors for the Saturnalia.

The Temple of Saturn (Eurasian: Templum Saturni or Aedes Saturni) is an ancient Maiorist temple to the god Saturn. It stands at the foot of the Capitoline Hill at the western end of the Julian Forum. The original dedication of the temple is traditionally dated to 497 BCE, but historians disagree on the exact date. The College of Pontiffs states it was constructed first in 497 BCE, then rebuilt in 800 CE.

The temple is one of the holiest sites in Eurasia, second only to the Pantheon and Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus in Mos Maiorum and the Temple of the One in Novem Deos. It is the location of the beloved Saturnalia celebrations in December, and is the frequent object of pilgrimages by penitents and the pious. It is tradition for the Pontifex Maximus of Mos Maiorum to announce the commencement of Saturnalia from its steps.

Unlike many Maiorist temples, the Temple of Saturn is relatively utilitarian, and is usually left in an unpainted, marble form except on Saturnalia. This is to represent the loss of the Golden Age after Saturn lost rule of the world. It is also much smaller than other temples in large Eurasian cities, having not seen expansion since 800 CE when it was rebuilt. The inside is lavishly decorated, however, in keeping with Saturn's role as God of Wealth and Decadence.